58200

A rare 835 grade silver tea service on tray

A rare Art Déco 835 grade silver tea service on tray
by Paula Straus for Bruckmann & Söhne circa 1926/27

The circular bodies with a subtle martelé to their surface. All knobs as well as the handles of the the teapot and the milk jug made of ebony.
An extraordinary tea service with its original tray in outstanding condition and without any personal engraving. The set features its original spoon beaker – with german silver of a unique rarity. All parts show the dutch import marks for forein silver which indicate that the set has been made for export and which explains the existence of a spoon beaker being uncommon for german silver. The tea service has been shown in 1927 on the exhibition “Europäisches Kunsthandwerk” [= “European Decorative Arts”] in Leipzig 1927 and is shown in parts on a contemporar photography in: FrauenSilber. Paula Straus, Emmy Roth & Co. Silberschmiedinnen der Bauhauszeit. Exhibition catalogue of the Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe 2011, Fig. p. 42.
Several artworks by Paula Straus can be found in the Bröhan Museum, Berlin and the Württembergisches Landesmuseum, Stuttgart.

Teapot:
29.1 cm / 11.45″ length, 17.7 cm / 6.96″ width, 7.8 cm / 3.07″ tall (to the upper rim), 10 cm / 3.93″ tall (to the knob); 650.0 g / 22.92 oz

Milk jug:
12.9 cm / 5.07″ length, 8.5 cm / 3.34″ width, 6.8 cm / 2.67″ tall (to the rim), 7.8 cm / 3.07″ tall (to the upper rim of the handle); 94.7 g / 3.34 oz

Sugar bowl:
17.6 cm / 6.92″ length (between the handles), 12.9 cm / 5.07″ width, 7.0 cm / 2.75″ tall to the knob; 295.0 g / 10.40 oz

Spoon beaker:
7.7 cm / 3.03″ tall, 7.6 cm / 2.99″ diameter (top rim); 81.7 g / 2.88 oz

Tray:
42.1 cm / 16.57″ length, 32.1 cm / 12.63″ width; 845.4 g / 29.82 oz

Paula Straus (Stuttgart 1894 – Auschwitz 1943)

Important goldsmith and designer of jewelry, hollowware and flatware in Stuttgart. Apprenticed at the school of Arts and Crafts in Stuttgart until 1921 she became master student specialised in metal works under Paul Haustein. Later she cooperated with Haustein further on as well as with the department for cut glass and lithotomy of Wilhelm von Eiff at the school of Arts and Crafts. As of 1924/25 until the beginning 1930s working as a designer for silver hollowware and flatware for Bruckmann & Söhne in Heilbronn. From 1925 until 1930 Paula Straus and Josef Michael Lock managed the workshop for church plate. 1929 she received a lectureship at the Staatliche Hochschule für Handwerk und Baukunst (the State Technical University of Architecture and Civil Engineering) in Weimar. As from 1930 working as master goldsmith at the Württembergische Metallwarenfabrik Geislingen (WMF). 1935 move to Stuttgart where she opens a jewellery store. 1939 closure of the store by the National Socialists. In response to the “Crystal Night” pogroms from November 9th to 10th in 1938 she attempted unsuccesfully to emigrate and negotiate with Zilverfabriek Vorschooten in the Netherlands. Following the expropriation of her property in Stuttgart and Gundelfingen (1939/40) working as a kitchen assistant in the jewish retirement home in Buttenhausen near Münsingen. 1941 she became manager of the jewish retirement home in Haigerloch near Tübingen.
2nd August 1942 deportation together with her mother to Theresienstadt, in January 1943 relocation to Auschwitz where she got murdered at 10th February.

The works by Paula Straus were characterised  by a certain modern progressiveness as well as of a geometric plainness without appearing ungraceful.